This mechanical engineering project is about designing a hydraulic fork lift. There is nothing new about this project. I am sure that similar projects are done in many colleges. Even ready-made material may be available about the whole project. Anyway I don’t have it so let me share what I think is worthy of this project.
Fabrication of the whole forklift including the cab and engine will be expensive. It won’t much add to your academics either as what you plan to build is already in the market with a lot of advanced features. So better take this as a design project with calculations of the power, capacity, mobility etc. You can also fabricate a forklift with carriage (the portion that houses lifting fork, hydraulic cylinder and piston)
As far as I know you should consider the following:
- The maximum weight that can be lifted
- The maximum height to which the weight can be lifted.
- The powered required
- The standard size of the hydraulic cylinder available in the market and the number of units required.
- Total length of the hydraulic lift including the cab and engine and calculate the counter weight (the weight to be added to the rear of the vehicle so that it won’t tilt while lifting heavy objects.)
The power required for a hydraulic lift is taken from its engine. Since your project does not have an engine you can use an electric motor as the power source.
The cost of the project depends on the specifications of the forklift.