Hybrid vehicles

The dictionary defines hybrid as something of mixed origin. A hybrid vehicle is one that combines a smaller than normal internal combustion gasoline engine with an electric motor. An engine that combines two or more sources of power is called a hybrid engine.

Typical features in a hybrid include the following:
• Produces much less power than an average
• Produces much less pollution than standard gasoline cars
• Usually constructed of ultra light weight materials like carbon fiber or aluminum to overcome the power gap.
• Generally designed to be more aerodynamic than most cars, allowing them to “slice” through the air instead of pushing it out of the way
• A process called regenerative braking is employed to store the kinetic energy generated by brake use in the batteries, which in turn will power the electric motor.
Power usage:
• Electric power is used at starts and stops, low speeds (generally below 25 km/hr)
• Gasoline engine comes to play at cruising or highway speeds

There are two types of gasoline-electric hybrids:
• Parallel hybrid:
Gasoline engine and electric motor work together to move the car forward
• Series hybrid
Gasoline engine either directly powers an electric motor that powers the vehicle, or changes batteries.

Hybrids achieve improved efficiencies using several approaches:
• Employ regenerative braking to recover energy and downsize or right size the engine or primary power source.
• Control the engine or primary power source to operate more efficiently and/or work more often in a more efficient range.


40 thoughts on “Hybrid vehicles”

  1. HI SIR this is shiva i would like to know more about this topic because i also having same and similar thought but i apply this for 2wheeler you are applied for 4wheeler a small change so i need more information will u please send your reply to my mail my mail id is shiva36307@gmail.com thanking you sir

  2. hello sir i am a student of b-tech third year in mechanical branch i want to make an innovative project on automobile . i can make it on any system of automobile the only thing is that i am not able to find aright and appropriate idea. i can make an investment of about 20k to 25k.so pls suggest me some4thing.
    thank you

  3. Hello Sir,this is Hrishikesh,a student of mech.engg.diploma final year.Resp. sir I want to make an innovative project.I request you to send me new Ideas.I can able to make investmena upto 10000 thousands to 15000.
    Thank you.

  4. Sir,
    I want to more information on Hybrid Vehicles. I want the actual mechanism, how it happens and all that.
    Plz mail me the details regarding this.

  5. Hello sir…….. plz give me whole detail about this projet……
    i have a question that……….. can we hybrid of petrol and CNG ??????

  6. sir this is an awesome topic, plz can u give me more info about this as i want to give my technical seminar on this topic.

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